1. Until about 1880, women wore only one wrap-around style apron
(fota. ) The basic colors were black and red.
2. By the turn of the 20th century, the "FOTA" wasn't
anymore part of the women folk costume.
3. Starting late 19 century and early 20 century, women wore two
rectangular aprons called (in most areas) catrinte.
Married women wore 2 "catrinte." Girls (not married)
wore 1 "catrinta" in the front.
Colors were mostly black and red; also blue, yellow, green were
used for embroidery.
4. Between 1900 and 1914 many school teachers from Muntenia (mostly
MUSCEL) went to Basarabia, bringing their folk clothes with them,
thus "fota" appeared again as part of the folk costumes
(but not fota "moldoveneasca;" it was fota "musceleana")
5. Between 1920 and 1950 peoples were discouraged from wearing folk
6. Today, in the 3rd millennium, there is a revival of the folk
costumes. Nowadays in Basarabia most costumes are similar to Moldova
or Bukovina costumes
Description: FES (a cap like hair cover)
In our picture, the 1880 woman wears a
TULPAN.=scarf, made of very thin fabric, triangular in shape,
placed on top of the FES. The tulpan is wrapping the face.
Stergar is rectangular piece of fabric, with embroidery and fringes
at the ends. Stergar rests on top of the fes and tulpan, having
the ends loose in the back. Sometimes (very rare) the entire assembly
is secured with
ACE. (decorated pins)